Biocide basalt compositions

  • V. M. Shevchenko National Technical University of Ukraine “KPI named Igor Sikorsky”
  • N. A. Guts National Technical University of Ukraine “KPI named Igor Sikorsky”
Keywords: cellulose fibers, natural carbohydrate, biocide materials, molds, microorganisms, clay minerals, basalt fibers, biocide properties, domestic economy

Abstract

Materials that contain cellulose fibers as the most common natural carbohydrate are known to be affected by different kinds of molds and microorganisms. 700 bacteria of actinomycete, fungus use cellulose as a source of carbohydrate. These microorganisms have a specific gem – cellulase, which is responsible for a complex biochemical process – destruction of cellulose.

The problem of getting biocide materials that are not affected by different molds and microorganisms is faced by a number of fields of domestic economy. This includes various kinds of package materials used in food, medical, cosmetical, electro-technical, and other industries.

The work demonstrates some possibilities of getting biocide materials based on basalt fibers including cellulose and its ethers processed with solutions of bactericide drugs and define bactericide activity regarding to disease-causing organisms: Staph. aureus, F. Coli, and derivatives of nitrofuran range are used as bactericide reagents.

Appliance of clay minerals of the montmorillonite type in the composition with basalt fibers is proved to get materials that are characterized with high biocide properties and excellent service characteristics. Thus, appliance of basalt fibers in this direction has a very positive perspective.

This paper describes a methodology of producing a strong thin paper-like biocide material based on non-organic basalt fibers, which can be used in many industries of domestic economy.

References

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Published
2019-01-13
How to Cite
Shevchenko, V. M., & Guts, N. A. (2019). Biocide basalt compositions. Surface, (10(25), 170-178. https://doi.org/10.15407/Surface.2018.10.171
Section
Physics and chemistry of surface phenomena