ISSN 2617-5983 (Online)
ISSN 2617-5975 (Print)
Prof. Mykola T. Kartel
FAMILY NAME: Kartel / Картель
FIRST NAME: Mykola / Микола (Russian version – Nikolai / Николай)
PATRONYMIC NAME: Tymofiyovych / Тимофійович
December 16, 1948; village Gogoliv, Brovary Distr., Kyiv Reg., Ukraine
1971-1974 – 3 years training: Post-Graduate Student of L.V. Pysarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian SSR, Kyiv.
1966-1971 – 5 years full course: Student of the Chemical Faculty of T.G. Shevchenko Kyiv State University.
1955-1966 – 11 years full course: Pupil of the Secondary (General Education and Polytechnic) School N2, town Konotop, Sumy Reg., Ukraine.
2012 – Academic rank Academician of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Chemistry), Diploma № 445 - National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
2010 – Academic rank Academician of Academy of Technological Sciences of Ukraine, Diploma № 442 - Academy of Technological Sciences of Ukraine.
2000 – Academic rank Corresponding Member of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Physical Chemistry), Diploma № 656 - National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
1993 - Rank Professor of Physical Chemistry, Certificate ПР № 000654 - Ministry of Education of Ukraine.
1990 - Second Scientific Degree, Doctor of Chem. Sciences (Physical Chemistry), Diploma ДТ № 001471- High Attestation Commission at Council of Ministers of the USSR. Doctoral Thesis “Carbonaceous Hemosorbents Based on the Synthetic Active Carbons”, Kyiv, Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian SSR.
1986 – Honor rank Laureate of State Premium of Ukraine in Science and Engineering, Diploma № 2631 – State Premium Committee at the Council of Ministers of Ukrainian SSR. Cycle of works “Development, Theoretical Base and Clinical Implementation of Novel Methods of Operative Treatment, Detoxification and Rehabilitation of Patients with Liver and Bile-Stone Diseases”.
1984 - Rank Principal Researcher of Physical Chemistry, Certificate СН № 009818 – High Attestation Commission at Council of Ministers of the USSR.
1975 – First Scientific Degree Candidate of Chem. Sciences (Physical Chemistry), Diploma МХМ № 019657 – High Attestation Commission at Ministry of High and Special Secondary Education of the USSR. Candidate Thesis “Features of Radiation-Chemical synthesis in Adsorbed State”, Kyiv, L.V. Pysarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian SSR.
1971 - M.S. in Chemistry, Radiation Chemistry, Diploma C № 321046 – T.G. Shevchenko Kyiv State University. Diploma work “EPR Spectra of free radicals at g-irradiation of ammonia adsorbed on Silica Gel”.
Since 2015: Academician-Secretary of Chemistry Division, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Since 2008: Director of the O.O. Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev; Head of Department of Physical Chemistry of NanoCarbon Materials.
R&D: Carbon nanotubes and graphene – development of synthesis, purification, enriching, fractioning, chemical modification, study of properties and medico-biological aspects, in particular, cytotoxicity and enzyme-like activity, as well an application of carbon nanomaterials as fillers to obtain novel composite materials. Organizing of semi-pilot production of nanocarbonaceous materials, their characterization and standardization, and researches in Institute, carrying out of scientific conferences, including international, publishing of Collection Books “Surface” and Scientific Journal “CHEMISTRY, PHYSICS AND TECHNOLOGY OF SURFACE” (both – Chief-Editor).
1991 – 2007: Deputy Director of the Institute for Sorption and Problems of Endoecology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev; Head of Department of Adsorbents of Medical Assignment.
R&D: Researches of last period is connected with development, study, engineering and medical application of carbon enterosorbents «SCN» and «Carbovit», which are necessary for carrying out of preventive measures (prophylaxis) and treatment of chronic illnesses, including diseases of immune and ecology dependent character. Recently was proposed the technologies of preparing combined (carbon – clay – food fiber) enterosorbents «Ultrasorb», «Pectopal» and «Carboxikam» for removal radioactive isotopes of cesium, strontium, transuranic elements and ion of heavy metals from human organism. Their efficiency is confirmed by official clinical tests, and some of them are producing by company “Farm-Holding-Ltd” (Kiev).
An essential attention is given to creation of semi-pilot and industrial technologies for producing various types of active carbons from resources of Ukraine: wood, anthracite, agriculture by-products (fruit stones, nuts shell, etc.) and industrial waste (plastics, gums, etc.). On these results the first enterprise in Ukraine - “Krona-Ltd.” (Khmelnitsky Reg.) on production of activated carbons from wood was created some years ago.
In 1998 the works in direction of use and utilization of national resources for deriving high-quality type activated carbons are marked by the Premium of the presidents of National Academies of Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine.
1979-1991: Principal Researcher of the V.I. Vernadsky Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev; Head of Laboratory of Synthetic Carbons and Carbonaceous Hemosorbents.
R&D: Scientific researches in this period were connected with requests of medicine and ecology: development and study the synthetic carbon adsorbents and their practical application. Due to this research for the first time is revealed unique adsorption, catalytic and electrochemical properties of synthetic carbons, which is produced from commercial co-polymers and resins. The quantitative correlation between level seaming initial co-polymers and structural adsorption properties of a final product - carbon adsorbent is established. It actually has allowed offering methods of thin regulation of porous structure of active carbon that was impossible earlier. It is more than that, the choice of the certain types of pores of co-polymers and resins allows to receive the activated carbons with the certain variety of pores (micro, meso- or macropores), that in case of usual and well-known types of technical activated carbons it fails to realize.
It is also proposed the original methods to introduce in a surface layer of synthetic carbon adsorbents the functional groups, which possess a high reactionary ability to substances with biological activity, ions of heavy metals and radionuclide’s, and also to form specific adsorptive, catalytic and electrochemical properties of carbon materials.
It is developed the pilot and industrial technologies for production of synthetic carbons SCN and SCS, fruit-stone carbons KAU, as well as carbon hemosorbents on their base. Mentioned technologies are implemented in Pridneprovsky Chemical Plant (Dneprodzerzhinsk) and Kiev Plant of Medical Preparations. The use of these adsorption materials in medical establishments of the former USSR has opened the possibility to grant an effective medical assistance to many thousands of the people with heavy illnesses and defeats. In particular, the implementation of synthetic active carbons in clinical practice as hemosorbents and enterosorbents has received of broad recognizing.
Mentioned scientific investigations were also interesting for military medicine and service of Civil Defense, so were partially supported by Ministry of Defense of the USSR, particularly for creation of adsorption medical means and methods of treatment against defeats of military staff from the weapon of a mass erasure, first of all combined radiation thermal defeats, neutralization of an operation of some poisoning chemical substances, crush-syndrome etc.
Developed carbon hemosorbents and enterosorbents were applied with success to preventive maintenance and treatment the personals, which participated in liquidation of consequences of Chernobyl NPP catastrophe with the purpose of reduction accumulation of radionuclide’s in an organism and acceleration of their removal from an organism, as well as depuration of majorities of radiotoxines.
In 1986 the cycle of scientific works on synthesis and application of medical carbon adsorbents is marked by the State Premium of Ukraine in the field of a science and engineering. R&D in this direction was generalized in a Doctoral Thesis in 1989.
1974-1979: Researcher of the L.V. Pysarzhevsky Institute of Physical Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv; Head of Scientific Group.
R&D: Researches of this period were devoted to studying features of radiation chemical effects in interfaces of systems «adsorbent-adsorbate». As adsorbents were silica gels, disperse alumina, alumina-silicates, oxides of titanium, zirconium, magnesium etc. As adsorbates were preferably simplest gases: ammonia, methane, carbon dioxide, some amines and their derivatives. The obtained results become the essential installment to construction of a general theory of radiation chemical transformations of adsorbed substances. In particular, it was advanced new submissions about the mechanism of participation of adsorbent surface in destruction and reorganization of adsorbed molecules. The possibility of effective realization of radiation chemical synthesis on a surface of porous oxides, for example, amino acids, peptides, organic acids etc. was shown. R&D in this direction was generalized in a Candidate Thesis in 1975 and a monograph «Radiation Chemical Processes in Heterogeneous Systems on the Base of Disperse Oxides» was published in 1981.
Is author and co-author of more than 600 publications, including 3 monographes, more than 300 papers in scientific journals, and more than 90 certificates and patents on the inventions.
The most significant from them for the last years are following:
1. The Names of Ukraine. – Kyiv: Fenix, 2002. - P. 239.
2. Who's Who in Science and Engineering (2002-2003). VIP#SC062587D.
3. Taras Shevchenko Kiev National University. By Ways of Success. Vol. III. - Kyiv: Svit Uspikhu, 2008. – P. 136.
4. Who is Who in Ukraine. - Kyiv: K.I.C., 2004. – P. 337.
5. Kievities. Biographical Dictionary. – Kyiv: Fenix, 2004. – P. 162.
6. Mykola Tymofiyovych Kartel. Bio-bibliography of Ukrainian Scientists. – Kyiv: National Academy of Science of Ukraine, 2008. – 122 p.
7.Science in Ukraine. – Kyiv: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukrainian Academy of Heraldry, 2008. – Vol.1 (2nd Edition). – P. 159-160.
8.National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 1918-2013. Personality (6th Edition). Kyiv: Fenix, 2013. – P. 57.
ISSN 2617-5983 (Online)
ISSN 2617-5975 (Print)